Maki sushi or makizushi
Maki sushi or makizushi is a very popular style of sushi, perhaps that is why it has various names. Because maki means rolling in Japanese, some people refer to it as sushi rolls, some others as Norimaki, because it is usually wrap in Nori (or seaweed), and some call it Makimono. A Makisu or a bamboo mat is use to form the cylindrical shape typical of the Maki sushi.
For those of you who are kind of new when it comes to sushi, maki is probably what you know as sushi, because is really popular among occidental sushi restaurants. When you prepare Maki sushi, the rice and several ingredients are roll in a dried seaweed sheet. The variety of ingredients you can roll or combine with the sushi rice is wide and so the kinds of maki Sushi you can get are even wider. Some makisushi types are:
Hosomaki. Small rolls (usually 2 centimeters in diameter) with the Nori on the outside and generally only one filling. It can be cucumber, carrot or tuna. When the Hosomaki's filling is avocado, then the sushi roll is call Kappamaki. When the filling ingredient is raw tuna is call Tekkamaki.
Futomaki. Fat rolls (usually 4 centimeters in diameter), wrap with Nori on the outside. The fillings are mostly vegetables but it can also contain some sort of seafood and most of the time it includes two or three fillings.
Temaki. Hand rolls that have a cone shape instead of the perfect cylindrical shape in the other sushi rolls. Filling ingredients are usually coming out of the wider end. This type of sushi is eaten using the fingers because is to big and uncomfortable to eat with chopsticks. This is a style of sushi that tastes better if is eaten right after it is prepare.
Uramaki. Is the type of sushi rolls that have the Nori or seaweed in the inside. Uramaki has a cylindrical shape as the other maki Sushi types and rice is on the outside instead of inside. Uramaki is build with two or more fillings that go in the middle and wrapped with nori, a layer of rice and an outer coat of sesame seeds.
Because the possibility of fillings you can roll up is endless, we wanted to give the recipe for one of america's favorite maki sushi dish: The California roll. Enjoy!
3 cups Sushi rice
6-8 Nori sheets ( You can toast them lightly)
Cucumber (Peeled and julienne)
Crab (Cooked and shredded)
Avocado (Peeled and julienne)
Using the rollin mat center the Nori sheet and spread 1 cup of rice over the seaweed sheet
Lay the cucumber, the shredded crab, and the avocado in rows about 2/3 of the way down from the top of the sheet.
Starting with the bottom, roll the mat gently compressing the rice while doing so
Remove the mat and cut the sushi into 1-inch pieces
The delicious Maki sushi can be serve with wasabi and you favorite soy sauce as dipping sauce.
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